I will be on Univision San Diego tonight at 6PM commenting on a congressional bill that seeks to change the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. The 14th Amendment guarantees that “all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside.” The new bill would prevent citizenship by birth to those born to non-citizen or lawful permanent resident parents. This would be a drastic departure from the fundamental principle of “jus soli” (meaning the right of territory or by birth) that has guided citizenship laws in the U.S. and countries around the world. The 14th Amendment was ratified in 1868 and has been codified in the Immigration and Nationality Act.
Archive for February, 2005
A study by the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, a bipartisan commission, created by Congress in 1998 to monitor religious freedom in other countries, found that asylum seekers are often mistreated and treated like criminals upon entering the U.S. The study concluded that the Department of Homeland Security’s system for processing asylum seekers is harsh, long and arbitrary.
Humans immigrate for many reasons. Here’s a list from wikipedia:
Eligible Salvadorans must re-register for the 18-month extension of Temporary Protected Status(TPS) by March 8, 2005. For more information, visit the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service’s website.
To the Members of Congress:
I urge you to oppose Representative Sensenbrenner’s REAL ID Act (H.R. 418), introduced in Congress on January 26. After the anti-immigrant measures that he championed were stripped from the intelligence reform bill, Representative Sensenbrenner (R-WI) vowed to see his provisions enacted during the 109th Congress. His bill includes, among other provisions, the asylum, driver’s license, and inadmissibility/removability provisions that were wisely stricken from the final Conference Report that was enacted into law last year. These controversial measures will not make America safer, but they will alienate immigrant communities in this country that already feel besieged.
Representative Sensenbrenner has indicated that Republican leaders have committed to include these measures in the first must-pass legislative vehicle. I urge you to voice your concern about this procedure and oppose these controversial provisions. Specifically, I urge you to oppose the following ill-conceived measures contained in the REAL ID Act, none of which would enhance national security: Heighten Asylum Eligibility and Proof Standards: Asylum applicants already undergo more extensive security checks than any other foreign nationals who come to this country and terrorists and others who pose a danger to our security are ineligible for asylum. While the proposal to revamp our asylum system would do nothing to make us safer, it would deny asylum to legitimate applicants who cannot prove the central motive of their persecutor, who cannot produce corroborating evidence of their account, or whose demeanor is inconsistent with an immigration judge’s preconceived expectations. Proving motive is already a difficult exercise for many individuals fleeing persecution. To require them to establish the centrality of one motive above potentially several motives would be to impose a nearly insurmountable standard of proof. In addition, people fleeing severe persecution often lack the opportunity and the wherewithal to secure the type of legal evidence needed to corroborate their claims. Moreover, the demeanor of torture survivors has repeatedly been found to be a poor indicator of credibility because the effects of the trauma often leaves them with a dull or flat affect. Link Driver’s License Eligibility to Immigration Status: The intelligence reform bill that Congress passed last year already addresses the concerns raised by the 9/11 Commission regarding driver’s licenses and identity documents. However, Mr. Sensenbrenner’s proposal to set federal eligibility requirements for driver’s licenses, including restrictions on immigrants’ access to licenses, would undermine, not enhance, national security by pushing people deeper into the shadows. Such a result would severely undermine the law enforcement utility of Department of Motor Vehicles databases by limiting, rather than expanding, government data about individuals in this country.
Expand Grounds of Inadmissibility and Removability: The proposal to permit deportation of non-citizens who are members of or support any political organization that has used violence, even if the organization has not been designated as a “foreign terrorist organization,” is unnecessary and potentially unconstitutional. This proposal to impose guilt by association confounds our basic understandings of liberty and, with its retroactive application, could be used to deport long-term, lawful residents, even if the association rendering them deportable occurred decades earlier and was legal at the time.
Contact the White House by phone at 202-456-1111 to oppose REAL ID Act (H.R. 418); the
Speaker of the House Dennis Hastert (R-IL) at 202-225-2976; Senator Frist (R-TN) at 202-224-3344.
“America’s immigration system is also outdated — unsuited to the needs of our economy and to the values of our country. We should not be content with laws that punish hardworking people who want only to provide for their families, and deny businesses willing workers, and invite chaos at our border. It is time for an immigration policy that permits temporary guest workers to fill jobs Americans will not take, that rejects amnesty, that tells us who is entering and leaving our country, and that closes the border to drug dealers and terrorists. ”
– President George W. Bush, State of the Union Address 2005
“[I]n many ways it was a crime to be a Filipino in California. I came to know that the public streets were not free to my people: we were stopped each time these vigilant patrolmen saw us driving a car. We were suspect each time we were seen with a white woman. And perhaps it was this narrowing of our life into an island, into a filthy segment of American society, that had driven [some] Filipinos inward…’Please God, don’t change me in America!’ I said to myself.”
– Carlos Bulosan, America is in the Heart.
The Falasha Mura community is a group of Ethiopian Jews who for some reason converted to Christianity and now practice Judaism. They have been living near the Israeli embassy in Addis Ababa. Israel has said it will provide for their immigration to Israel by the end of 2007.